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In a similar vein there are multiple differences that give one language an edge over the other, depending on the different use-cases.
What is PHP?
PHP, which is a recursive acronym for Hypertext Preprocessor, is a general-purpose scripting language that is widely used in web development. PHP code can be embedded into HTML code, or it can be used in conjunction with various web template systems, web content management systems, and web frameworks.
One of the best parts about the language is that PHP is not difficult for a beginner to understand and learn. Beginners can soon begin writing simple scripts in a matter of a few hours. Yet PHP still manages to offer many advanced features for expert programmers.
What can PHP do?
PHP has the ability to do anything that can be done on other CGI programs. For instance, it can be used for collecting form data, generating dynamic page content, processing and storing cookies, adding files and directories, securing websites, and manipulating images. This is not all though, for PHP can do a lot more.
There are three main different use-cases of PHP scripts:
Command Line Scripting:
You can create a PHP script to run it without the need for a server or a browser. This method simply requires the PHP parser. This is a great way to use cron (on *nix or Linux) or Task Scheduler for programs that are run on a regular basis (on Windows). Simple text processing tasks can also be done with these programs.
This is PHP’s most well-known and primary target field.
To make this work, you’ll need three things: a PHP parser, a web server, and a web browser.
You’ll need to set up a web server and connect it to a PHP installation. You can view the PHP page through its server and read the PHP program output through a web browser. If you’re just getting started with PHP development, you can run all of these on your home machine.
Writing Desktop Apps:
PHP is definitely not the greatest language for writing desktop apps with graphical user interfaces, but if you know PHP well and want to leverage some powerful PHP features with your client-side applications, PHP-GTK can help you out. You can also use this method to create cross-platform applications. PHP-GTK is a PHP extension that isn’t included in the standard distribution.
The client-side JS language has some common programming features that allow us to perform tasks like storing values inside variables, creating strings and running code as a response to recurring events on a web page.
Availability and Community Support
A developer’s level of comfort with a language is determined, in large part, by the platform’s accessibility. PHP is an open-source language, which means developers don’t have to pay for a license.
All developers have free access to PHP’s source code, which is why it’s quite flexible in terms of allowing developers to customize it. Because PHP has a vast community, and ease of deployment, many big companies use PHP because of being customization-friendly. Facebook has leveraged this positive factor of PHP and has made its own PHP engine.
You can’t write mobile apps using PHP since it was designed for the web and doesn’t support specialized APIs like Native SQL.
A basic understanding of the differences between server-side and client-side programming is necessary. Server-side programmability enables you to create custom APIs that respond to HTTP request variables, which are usually higher concurrency applications that perform resource-intensive operations such as data parsing and image encoding. You must also understand how many requests your application will receive, network latency, and so on.
The execution model in Node.js is non-blocking. It implies that a program can run on many CPUs in parallel.
Because PHP is synchronous and executes only one line of code at a time, it is slower. PHP interprets scripts from beginning to end, line by line. If data from a database is needed, the rest of the program will not run.
To Sum It Up: