Know About the Web Application Testing Process in Detail
We all know how important websites are for the branding of any company. It works as a sole platform for their representation on the web. People from around the world engage with these websites to know about the services or products of any company. This is the major reason why organization pay heavy attention on their websites. They do not want to risk anything on quality, which is why they always advise their development teams to perform a complete web application testing before the final deployment. It ensures that the website is functioning properly and offering the required response to the online visitors.
Many beginners who are new to the field often do not understand the utility of web application testing. It is certainly an important part of development that provides secured quality check to the websites. The process of website testing is quite different from the development. Moreover, it doesn’t require much resources as compared to development, but definitely needs them to be well skilled in offering QA testing services. If a person do not know what type of testing should be performed at a particular stage, then he/she could certainly struggle to perform the given testing tasks effectively.
In this article, we will take a look at the web application testing process in detail. This will definitely be a good read for the absolute beginners, as the points given below will let them understand various things about website testing. Let’s first start from the basics below.
Why Web Testing is Important?
Web testing is an important part of website development. No one can disagree with this fact even if the applications are created at a small scale. You always have to test the execution and efficiency of websites before launching it live on the internet. It could be seen as a prerequisite of every website launch, no matter how simple or complicated it is. This is the reason why expert professionals should always be hired to perform QA testing on the websites.
Those people who do not pay attention on website testing, always remain in a loop of fixing bugs even after launching the website. This primarily happens due to their negligence in the first place. They do not launch the websites with proper testing, which as a result creates difficulties for them at later stages. Such practices only lengthens the project completion time, wasting time and resources of both client and developers.
It is therefore advised to complete the project testing timely, so that nothing can be compromised after the launch. It often creates a bad reputation for the websites, which eventually brings impact on its live engagement. If any visitor comes to the website and sees the under maintenance page, then it definitely do not portray any good message to him. It is the core reason why web application testing is termed important to keep websites away from every possible bug.
Important Steps to Remember in Web Application Testing
Many beginners often fail during web application testing. It is certainly a difficult job that requires detailed attention and skills as well. There are certain things involved in the testing process that cannot be done randomly. You have to basically follow a set of rules to perform testing process accurately. It gives you a pathway to look into each thing and conduct the testing according to the situation.
If you do not have much knowledge about the core steps involved in web application testing, take a look at the steps given below. These few points will help you to know how software testing should be done to ensure efficiency in web applications.
As the name suggest, functionality testing is precisely done to evaluate the existing functions of the website. This includes different types of features such as database connectivity, cookies, forms storage, basic web functionalities and more others. The purpose of checking these features is to ensure their correct efficiency in the website. It lets the developers know that whether any function is bugged or not, as well as how it can be fixed.
Many developers prefer to conduct functionality testing manually, as it looks more suitable to them. They can easily analyze the database connection, website forms, login/logout process and more other features through it. These functions are basically remembered on fingertips, hence it becomes easy to evaluate them just by seeing their core efficiency.
Meanwhile, those who do not want to perform it manually, can also take help from automated tools. Today, different tools have also been introduced to evaluate functionality testing. They are termed pretty good, but their in-depth analysis is still questioned sometimes in comparison to manual functional testing.
Usability testing is performed to evaluate the proper usage of any website. This is generally done by considering end-users viewpoint. It analyses the overall experience of the website, as how proper it looks to the users and what should be done more to enhance its experience. Generally, few random people are shown the website to conduct this test. They let the developers know about their experience that helps them to find out the areas that needs improvement.
It could be said that usability testing combines both functional and users experience test. The reason is that this phase primarily focuses on experience of the users. This relates directly to the functional requirements of the website, because experience could not get better unless the features of the website are working fine. The purpose of introducing raw views of people in this phase is to find the organic reviews. It provides better feedback and response of the users.
Meanwhile, it should also be noted that it is not an acceptance test, as that process is something different. We will learn more about that process as well in the later stages.
Interface testing helps to determine whether the connection between app and web server has been properly established or not. This phase is quite technical as it looks into various points in detail. Considering this fact, it is always advised to hire expert software developers and QA engineers who can carry out interface testing with perfection. These people precisely know the intricacies involved in this crucial testing phase, hence you can rely on them to come up with the best quality assurance results.
Meanwhile, this test phase also evaluates the messages that should be displayed in the case of any missing connection between the website elements. For instance, if the database connection is not properly built with the website, then database error should be displayed on the screen. Similarly, other messages are also analyzed to showcase a smooth interaction between different functions.
Besides that, the functionality of web server is also briefly checked in this phase. The calls and response between the web and application interface is closely monitored, so that anything missing can be fixed as per the best practices.
Compatibility testing helps developers to know whether different functions are working fine together or not. This is yet another a crucial phase that checks the integration and configuration of different website features. A lot of times, errors arise in the web application precisely due to not having compatibility with the internal elements. This is a common issue that can only be fixed by paying detailed attention in the compatibility testing phase.
The compatibility of the website is not just checked on the basis of integration, but it is briefly done in other areas as well. This firstly includes compatibility test of site display on different types of screens, such as desktop, smartphones, tablets and more others. This is basically called site responsiveness that defines the display of site on various screens and devices. It is certainly a very broad topic that will be later covered in any other blog.
Similarly, website compatibility is also checked on different browsers to evaluate its performance. Generally, people use Chrome and Firefox for web surfing due to their lightweight. However, for complete efficiency, developers recommend to check compatibility on others browsers as well including Opera, Microsoft Edge and more others.
After completing the compatibility and functional testing, it is time to evaluate how fast your website is loading on the web. This is called performance testing in which different assessments are done by keeping in view various benchmarks. The load time of the website is always given high priority. It is considered an important checkpoint to determine the efficiency of web applications. Those websites that are not fast enough, often gets high bounce rate and resistance of potential web traffic.
Now, to enhance website speed, there are tons of techniques you need to learn. From using specific hosting platforms to blazing fast cache tools, website performance is smartly optimized by implementing different key techniques. If you do not have much knowledge about it, take a look at the different tutorials and learning sources available on the web. It will help you to identify various tools and methods you could use to streamline the speed and performance of different websites.
Security is certainly the most important pillar of any website. We have seen hundreds of example lately how different websites have been compromised by various hacking attempts. Here, we are not just talking about simple websites, but last few years have also highlighted the hacking of some top-tier names as well. Most of them are related to the ecommerce industry in which some of the biggest names include Magento, Prestashop, OpenCart and more others.
To avoid having this issue, try to briefly conduct the security testing before making your site live. There are various methods you need to implement in the website to make it secure. From encrypting confidential data to building multiple security layers, there are different mechanisms that must be performed to solidify the site security. If you are not good at it, try to hire any security expert who can manage all of these operations effectively.
That takes us to the end of this article in which we have discussed about web application testing in detail. It is certainly a very important topic that requires good understanding. As a developer, you cannot risk to launch any website with hidden errors. The web application testing process helps you to identify those loopholes that could cause problem in the later stages. Hence, it allows you to fix them early, so that any website function could not face disruption later.
Meanwhile, if you are looking for a company that can offer quality web application testing services for your project, contact us today. Our professionals are well versed in providing failsafe quality assurance services for all types of websites and software projects.